The Golden Mean in da Vinci’s Art

Leonardo da Vinci‘s illustrations of polyhedra in De divina proportione(On the Divine Proportion) and his views that some bodily proportions exhibit the golden ratio have led some scholars to speculate that he incorporated the golden ratio in his paintings.[37] But the suggestion that his Mona Lisa, for example, employs golden ratio proportions, is not supported by anything in Leonardo’s own writings.[38] Similarly, although the Vitruvian Man is often[39] shown in connection with the golden ratio, the proportions of the figure do not actually match it, and the text only mentions whole number ratios.[40]

The 16th-century philosopher Heinrich Agrippa drew a man over a pentagram inside a circle, implying a relationship to the golden ratio.[4]

Salvador Dalí, influenced by the works of Matila Ghyka,[41] explicitly used the golden ratio in his masterpiece, The Sacrament of the Last Supper. The dimensions of the canvas are a golden rectangle. A huge dodecahedron, in perspective so that edges appear in golden ratio to one another, is suspended above and behind Jesus and dominates the composition.[3][42]

Mondrian has been said to have used the golden section extensively in his geometrical paintings,[43] though other experts (including critic Yve-Alain Bois) have disputed this claim

via Golden ratio – Wikipedia

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